Earth Summit 2012 – What is it?The Earth Summit 2012 is formally known as the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (UNCSD) or Rio+20. It is an opportunity to create real progress towards sustainable development. In 1992, world leaders came together as the Earth Summit 1992 to create a road map for sustainable development – a plan known as Agenda 21.
Twenty years later, these leaders are meeting again to look at the progress we’ve made, and what challenges we still face. We’ve had a few great successes, like reducing the hole in the O-zone layer, but a whole bunch of NEW problems have also come up, and we haven’t done as much as we CAN, or SHOULD. The Earth Summit 2012 is a chance for nations to commit to real changes, and figure out how they’re going to do it.
The Earth Summit in 2012 has two main themes and three objectives:
Green Economy in the Context of Poverty Eradication and Sustainable DevelopmentRecent economic crises are proof that we need to create a more stable system – a ‘green’ economy. There is no one definition for a “green economy”, but essentially it requires rethinking economics to encourage more environmentally and socially friendly practices. This means putting equality, and ecosystems, before profits.
A green economy does not ignore the people who suffer from poverty, or take our natural resources for granted. A green economy will tax pollution instead of hard work. It will make it easier, and more profitable for businesses and consumers like us to make “greener” choices. It will encourage new technologies and better infrastructure – it will support us now and into the future.
Institutional Framework for Sustainable Development‘Institutional Framework’ refers to the system of global organization for sustainable development. This system includes the UN institutions in charge of developing and monitoring sustainable development programs. Progress on sustainable development has been slow partly because this system isn’t working: the international organizations involved do not have the authority or the resources to make real change. For sustainable development to move forward, the system needs to be streamlined and international institutions need more authority and resources.